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Appendix A Glossary



Access

 

Ability given to individual or groups of users to use information stored on or via University resources. This includes but is not limited to the ability to read, write, view, create, alter, store, retrieve, and disseminate information.

Account

 

That combination of user name and password that provides an individual with access to a computer system or computer network

Administrator

An individual responsible for administering a computer system or campus unit

Authorized University Officials

 

Administrators or designees with the authority to make decisions about or approve a specific action, activity, service or use of a specific resource

Non-Authorized, Unauthorized

 

Applies to individuals without the authority or permission, as defined by the University, to initiate or approve an activity or service and/or to access or use a specific resource

Broadcast

 

Method for sending a uniform message to an entire set of users qualified by membership in a definable group such as faculty, staff, students, engineering majors, etc.

Campuswide Shared IT Resources

 

Information technology resources implemented and managed by Information Technology Services. Examples include the St. Matthew's University network , file servers, web servers, open access computer stations, etc.

Chain Letter

 

An e-mail message asking the recipient to indiscriminately forward or pass it along; may involve money-making pyramid schemes or be disguised as innocent (e.g., collecting post cards for a dying child) or helpful (e.g., warnings about computer virus hoaxes)

Commercial Activity

 

An activity conducted for commercial/private profit or gain or non-profit fundraising. This includes but is not limited to soliciting sales or funds, marketing or advertising a product or service, posting an advertisement to a newsgroup, and reselling University resources. University authorized commercial activities are excepted.

Computer Systems

 

Any computing resource, service, or network system, including workstations, servers, networks, storage devices, peripheral equipment, input/output and connecting devices, data processing functions, and related records, programs, software and documentation.

Copyright Infringement

 

Copying, distributing, publicly performing, publicly displaying a copyrighted work, or creating a derivative work, without the permission of, or a license from, the copyright owner

Electronic Communications

 

Any electronic method used to communicate, including but not limited to electronic mail, the Internet/World Wide Web, video recordings, facsimiles, pagers, telephones, etc.

E-mail

 

Electronic method of sending and receiving messages from and to electronic addresses associated with specific owners

E-Mail Reflector

 

The automated or otherwise forwarding of an e-mail message to multiple recipients triggered by the content of the mail message being forwarded

Inappropriate Use

 

Activities that interfere with the primary intended use of supporting instructional activities, e.g., excessive game playing

Information Technology Resources

 

Any data or information stored in digital form and the computer systems or other means used to access that information.

IT Department / Information Technology Services

 

The administrative entity charged with implementing and managing campuswide information technology resources under the direction of the Director of Information Technology.

Institutional Data

 

Information about individuals and departments that is recorded, maintained, administered and retained by the University, e.g. information in student records and employee files, financial data, etc.

Intellectual Property

 

Inventions, discoveries, innovations, and literary and artistic works that may be patented, copyrighted, trademarked or licensed for commercial purposes

Mail Bombing

 

The practice of bombarding someone with a large volume of unsolicited mail in an attempt to disrupt them or their site

Monitoring

 

A standard practice by information technology resource administrators of reviewing transaction activity and other similar logs generated by the system/network, analyzing performance anomalies and traffic patterns, and/or running programs designed to identify the source of a specific problem, alarm or pattern potentially indicative of illegal or inappropriate use

Network

 

A group of computers and the associated equipment and transmission media used for the purpose of sending and receiving data, voice or video signals

Networked Device

 

A networked device includes but is not limited to the following types of equipment assigned to individuals, departments, clubs, auxiliary organizations or individuals from off-campus utilizing university network resources: personal computers, laptops, workstations, wireless devices (e.g. PDAs, laptops, handheld phones, base stations or pods), networked printers/copiers, servers, switches, routers, hubs, mini-hubs, splitters, wireless access points, firewalls, network security devices, network appliances, modem pools, or any device that is network-capable and connected to university network resources.

Network Communication Device

 

A network communication device includes but is not limited to the following types of equipment assigned to individuals, departments, clubs, auxiliary organizations or individuals from off-campus utilizing university network resources: switches, routers, hubs, mini-hubs, splitters, wireless access points, firewalls, network security devices, network appliances, modem pools, or any device connected to university network resources whose function is to transport electronic information.

Network/System Integrity and Reliability

 

Maintaining optimum performance and availability of information technology resources in support of the University mission

Newsgroup

 

E-mail discussion group using a "news" message distribution protocol organized around named topics. Newsgroups can be global, regional, or local with regard to their access and distribution. While messages are submitted using e-mail, they are read from a central repository instead of being delivered to individual e-mail addresses.

Personal Gain

 

Receiving money or other goods or services as a result of soliciting, promoting, selling, marketing or advertising products or services

Personal Information

 

In the context of disclosure of system security breaches: IndividualÂ’s first name or first initial and last name in combination with any one or more of the following data elements, when either the name or the data elements are not encrypted: (1) Social Security number; (2) driverÂ’s license number or government issued identification card number; (3) account number (which could include a student identification number), credit or debit card number, in combination with any required security code, access code, or password that would permit access to an individualÂ’s financial account.

Political Advocacy

Promoting, advocating or supporting a specific candidate, political party or issue

Port Scanning

Using software to access or query all known TCP ports on a system to try to identify which services and levels of security are associated with those ports. A method for determining if a network or system can be compromised.

"Spam"

Indiscriminate mailing or forwarding of unsolicited e-mail to a larger group of users

System Administrator

Person responsible for administering the hardware, operating system, and software that constitutes a computer system or network

Systems

See "Computer System"

Trade Secret

A process, method, plan, formula or other information unique to a manufacturer, which gives it an advantage over competitors, and therefore must be kept secret to be of special value. May be legally protected against use or revelation by others.

Trademark

A name, symbol, or other device identifying a product, legally restricted to the use of the owner or manufacturer

Trojan Horse

A malicious, security-breaking program that is disguised as something benign, e.g., a directory lister, archiver, or game

University / St. Matthew's University / SUSOM

The institution as a whole or the collective authority of the institution represented by established policies and designated officials responsible for enforcing them

University Resources

Any resource belonging to or employed by the University, including equipment, facilities, and staff

User

Anyone who has been provided access to St. Matthew's UniversityÂ’s information technology resources, including the general public

Virus

A program that searches out other programs and "infects" them by embedding a copy of itself in them. When these programs are executed, the embedded virus is executed too, thus propagating the "infection." A virus may write messages on the terminal, or play strange tricks with the display or cause irreversible damage such as deleting all of a user's files. Unlike a worm, a virus cannot infect other computers without assistance.

Web Site

Web page files (beginning with an initial home page) located on either a 3rd party hosted server or a campus server and owned through a computer account by University faculty, staff, students, administrative units, organizations, clubs and auxiliaries

Worm

A program that propagates itself over a network, reproducing itself as it goes

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